| || 3D Modified proportional navigation guidance law based on a total demand vector concept
Author : Tiwari, P. K. ;Vora, Prashant;Srinivasan, S.;Bhattacharjee , R. N.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:55(3) ; 2005 ; pp 281-291
Subject : 629.76 Rockets and Missiles ;629.7 Aeronautics;629.762 Missiles
Keywords : Proportional navigation;Navigation guidance laws;Pure proportional navigation;Modified PN-based guidance
Abstract : Different proportional navigation (PN)based guidance laws–pure proportional navigation (PPN), true proportional navigation (TPN), and proportional navigation with boost acceleration compensation generally used cannot maintain fundamental parameter of proportional navigation, viz., Navigation constant to the desired value in the presence of significantly high lead angles and missile longitudinal accelerations/decelerations. In a real-life situation with sensor noises and hardware constraints, this navigation constant should be maintained tightly at the selected value, which is generally between 3 and 4, for optimum performance. In this paper; a new 3-D modified PN guidance law based on a total demand vector concept is presented, which can maintain the navigation constant to the designer-selected value for any 3-D engagement scenario with associated lead angles and any velocity profile with missile longitudinal accelerations/decelerations. Generality of this guidance law is brought out and superiority of this guidance law over the commonly used proportional navigation-based laws like PPN, TPN and PN with boost acceleration compensation has been demonstrated by applying it to the real-life 3-D engagement scenarios of different hypothetical missiles.