| || Mapping of Indian publications in S&T: A scientometric analysis of publications in science citation index |
Author :Kademani, B.S.;Sagar, Anil;Vijai Kumar;Gupta, B.M.
Source: DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology :27(1) ; 2007 ; pp.17-34
Abstract : This paper attempts to analyse the growth and development of science and technology (S&T) activities in India, as reflected in publication output covered by Science Citation Index (SCI) during 1990-2004. The Indian scientists published a total of 1,82,111 papers in SCI covered journals during the above period. The present study analyses the broad features of Indian S&T by focusing on its publication growth characteristics, language, format and media of communication, research quality, institutional productivity, patterns of research collaboration, and broad and narrow subject areas of interests of Indian institutions and scientists. A broad comparison of India's research output with select countries, particularly with China, has also been made.
Keywords : Science and technology;Science Citation Index;Scientometrics
| || Application of growth models to science and technology literature in research specialities |
Author :Sharma, Praveen;Gupta, B.M.; Suresh Kumar
Source: DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology :22(2) ; 2002 ; pp.17-25
Abstract : The paper discusses the application of three well-known growth models, namely exponential, logistic, and power to the growth of world literature in physics, chemistry, and electrical & electronic engineering research, as reflected in international databases in these three fields from 1907 to 1994. The growth models are classified and characterised on the basis of two growth-rate functions as suggested by Egghe and Rao9. The methodology suggested by Egghe and Rao in identifying a growth model has been reviewed with the help of case studies on the growth of literature in the three major fields. The results obtained through the analysis are not found to be in full agreement with the results expected using Egghe & Rao methodology. The present study emphasises the need to undertake more rigorous research on the time series data on publications growth of various fields to test the utility of these growth rate functions.
Keywords : Growth models;Science and technology;Literature growth;Research specialities
| || DRDO E-Journals Consortium |
Author :Moorthy, A.L.
Source: DESIDOC Journal of Library and Information Technology :29(5) ; 2009 ; pp.18-23
Abstract : The prohibitive cost of library material, especially foreign journals, pertaining to science and technology, has always been a bane of information centres, especially in the developing countries, taking away large chunk of their meager resources and therefore always a hindrance to provide better services to the users. Libraries tried to bridge this gap by borrowing and inter lending required documents among themselves. Advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have changed the publication scenario as well as the mode of resource sharing due to availability of e-journals and online resources. Rise in number of personal computers, Internet, and networks (LAN, MAN and WANs) besides augmenting the availability of the material increased the speed with which the information is now accessible. ICT also facilitated the establishmentof library consortia for maintaining information resources together. In India, during the last few years, many leading scientific and technical organisations have established consortia to share their human and electronic resources. This paper briefly discusses the consortia initiatives taken at Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), a premier research organisation of Ministry of Defence, engaged in the indigenous development of cutting-edge defence technologies.
Keywords : DRDO;DESIDOC;library consortia;e-journals;science and technology;information explosion;information and communication technology
| || India’s collaboration with Latin America as reflected in co-authored papers |
Author :Gupta, B.M.;Singh, Mohinder
Source: DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology :24(3) ; 2004 ; pp.09-21
Abstract : India’s relations with the Latin American countries have been traditionally friendly and interaction with them is close both at bilateral and multilateral level. India’s collaboration with Latin American countries has resulted in different kinds of outputs, including joint publications, technology development, technology transfer, improvised products and processes. The joint research output emanating out of research collaboration is an important source of information for mapping India’s collaboration with Latin America, and its impact on different fields. This paper attempts to study the research collaboration of India with Latin America, with the following objectives: (i) To study the nature of Indian collaboration with Latin American countries in S&T, as reflected in co-authored research papers, (ii) To identify the specific subject areas of Indian collaboration with Latin America, (iii) To study the impact of Indian collaborative research with Latin America in different fields, and (iv) To identify the major Indian institutions involved in this collaborative research with institutions in Latin America.
Keywords : Science and technology;Citation analysis;Latin America
| || Role of libraries in science and technology |
Source: DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology :8(5) ; 1988 ; pp.4-5
Keywords : Science and technology;Scientific career
| || Evolution of technical competence in CSIR: A case study using patents data |
Author :Gupta, V.K.
Source: DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology :27(1) ; 2007 ; pp.77-85
Abstract : The paper examines the growth and evolution of technical competence in the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) during 1976-2004, as reflected in patents granted to CSIR scientists in India. The areas of technical competence were identified and studied using International Patent Classification (IPC) code assigned to each patent. In all 2841 patents were granted to CSIR scientists during 1976-2004, which were classified into 352 technical areas. Of 352 technical areas, 46 areas alone contributed 1994 patents. Among these technical areas, 9 areas (1324 patents) were classified as highly productive, 13 areas (372 patents) as medium productive, and 24 technical areas (298 patents) as low productive. The analysis also identified areas of emerging competence and future potential on the basis of evidence of patenting activity, particularly, during the most recent period of 2001-2004.
Keywords : Technical competence;International patent classification;Science and technology;CSIR patents
| || Indicators of S&T publications output: Developed versus developing countriest |
Author :Gupta, B.M.;Dhawan, S.M.;Gupta, R.P.
Source: DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology :27(1) ; 2007 ; pp.05-16
Abstract : The paper analyses the cumulative output in science and technology during 1993 to 2003 of different regions/countries in the world. It also analyses the contributions made by the developed and the developing countries in the different broad subject fields to identify their strengths in the different fields of research
Keywords : Science and technology;Third world countries;Developed countries;S&T publication
| || Information dissemination |
Source: DESIDOC Bulletin :2(5-6) ; 1982 ; pp.1
Keywords : Science and technology;China;Pakistan;Information dissemination